Knowledge of Residents on what makes their Environment Sustainable: A Case Study of Ikeja, Lagos State
Environmental sustainability is a global phenomenon that is closely connected with many areas of human existence.
The lack of it has impacted the air, the land and the water bodies, and has also moved to becoming a global scourge.
However, the continuous treat to environmental sustainability is widely believed to be due to human activities. The
peculiarity of these environmental issues defers from place to place. The knowledge of unsustainable environment and
ways to deal with it is of great importance. Living under these challenges, in ignorance of the paths to their mitigation
may be counterproductive. Ikeja, the capital of Lagos was chosen in this research as a case study. Questionnaires were
admitted in three neighbourhoods, classified as wards, within high, medium and low-density areas. At the conclusion
of analysis, findings reveal that, 64.5% of respondents are unaware of the laws that regulate sustainability, and 71.2%
had never participated in an environmental sustainability related programme. This calls for a need to deduce a system
of collective involvement, towards mitigating this global scourge
Basiago A. D. (1999) Economic, Social, and Environmental Sustainability in Development Theory and Urban Planning
Practice. The Environmentalist 19, 145 -161 Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
Berg N. (2012). The Uneven Future of Ubanisation. Citylab Publications. Retrieved April 14, 2020 from
Cohen B (2004). Urban Growth in Developing Countries: A Review of Current Trends and a Caution Regarding Existing
Forecasts. World Development, 32(1) pp 23–51. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved February 12, 2015 from
Exploring Sustainable Development: A Multiple-Perspective Approach (2012). Education for Sustainable Development in
Action Learning & Training Tools N°3. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
Frame B. & Vale R. (2006). Guide to the Kyoto Protocol. Local Environment, 11(3), pp 287-293.
Howley P (2010): Sustainability versus Liveability; an Exploration of Central City Housing Satisfaction. International Journal
of Housing Policy, 10 (2), pp173-189. Retrieved January13,2015from
Hunt J. C. R., Eames I., Da Silva C. B., Westerweel J. (2011). Interfaces and Inhomogeneous Turbulence. Philosophical
Transactions of the Royal Society, 369(1937), pp 811-832. Retrieved March 15, 2016, from
Independent National Electoral Commission (2000). Guide to polling/Registration Centres
Kim S, & Kwon H. (2018). Urban Sustainability through Public Architecture. Sustainability. DOI: 10.3390/su10041249
Kuhlman T. & Farrington J. (2010). What is Sustainability?. Sustainability. 2, pp 3436-3448. Retrieved in September 10,
2015, from, www.mdpi.com/journals/sustainability
Lagos State Household Survey (2010). Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://resourcedat.com/document/downloadlagos-state-household-survey-2010/
Lagos Wards and LCDAs (n.d.). Retrieved October 12, 2015, from wikipedia.org/Lagos State
Lagos Government Reserved Area (GRA) (n.d.). Retrieved October 12, 2015, from www.punchng.com
Lagos Streets and Quarters (n.d.). Retrieved October 12, 2015, from www.nigeriavillagesquare.com
Lagos State Ministry of Physical Planning and Urban development (2010). Current Maps
Morelli J. (2011). Environmental Sustainability: A Definition for Environmental Professionals. Journal of Environmental
Sustainability, Vol 1, Issue 1. DOI: 10.14448/jes.01.0002
Oliviera F. P. (2012). Social Sustainability in Planning Law, US-China Law Review, 9(1), 45-51. Retrieved May 12, 2014,
Osbaldiston R & Schott J. P. (2011). Environmental Sustainability and Behavioural Science: Meta-Analysis of
Proenvironmental Behaviour Experiments. Environment and Behaviour. DOI: 10.1177/0013916511402673
Oyefara J. L. (2013). Good Governance and Environmental Sustainability in Lagos State, Nigeria: Can the State achieve
goal seven of Millennium Development Goals (MDGS)?. European Scientific Journal, 9(9), pp41-55. Retrieved
June 2, 2015 from http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/download/787/823
Pat-Mbano E. C. & Alaka I. N. (2012). Climate Change Reduction: A Mirage in Nigeria. Management Science and
Engineering, 6(1), pp11-17.
Salas-Zapata W. A & Ortiz-Munoz M (2018). Analysis of Meanings of the Concept of Sustainability. Sustainable
Development, 2019;27:153-161. https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.1885
Shastri R. (2005). Environmental Awareness and Sustainable Development, Awareness of Deforesting Effect of firewood
use in Rural firewood users. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from https://www.researchgate.net
Schaffer D. (2016). Values of Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE). Retrieved March 12, 2016, from
Scolobig A. & Lilliestam J. (2016). Comparing Approaches for the Integration of Stakeholder Perspectives in
Environmental Decision Making. Resources 5, 37. DOI:10.3390/resources5040037
Sutton P. (2004). A Perspective on environmental sustainability? Victorian Commissioner for Environmental
Sustainability. http://www.green-innovations.asn.au/ Philip.Sutton@green-innovations.asn.au Version 2.b 12
United Nations (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.
Retrieved June 15, 2014, from http://www.un-documents.net/our-common-future.pdf
United Nations (2014). The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2016 from
Glenn D. I. (2015): Determining Sample Size. Retrieved October 12, 2015, from